2 Corinthians 1:3-4 KJV
Praise be to the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, the Father of compassion and the God of all comfort, who comforts us in all our troubles, so that we can comfort those in any trouble with the comfort we ourselves receive from God.
Depression has become an epidemic in the United States. It is categorized as a mood disorder that includes feelings of intense sadness that lasts weeks to months to years.
Someone’s susceptibility to depression may be due to genetics, childhood trauma, or chemistry in their body. Someone with depression might be able to pinpoint the specific event that started their depression, while others do not know why it started.
There are several treatments for depression including therapy, health and nutrition regimens, and medication. Depending on the severity or type of depression, all treatments might be necessary.
Persistent Depressive Disorder (dysthymia)
You may be diagnosed with persistent depressive disorder if you have feelings of sadness and depression for over two years. Those who are diagnosed with this type of depression frequently have episodes of major depression. These episodes vary in frequency and duration, depending on the individual.
This type of depression is specific to women who recently delivered a baby. If feelings of sadness after the birth of a baby last more than two weeks and/ or cause thoughts of harm to an individual or their baby, then this is cause for concern. Treatment is necessary for someone with postpartum depression, sometimes including medication.
When someone with severe depression also has a form of psychosis, they may have psychotic depression. Psychosis can include having delusions or hallucinations. This form of psychosis can also alter behaviors and includes strong feelings of unworthiness, guilt, illness, or poverty.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
This form of depression is strongly connected to the seasons. Someone with Seasonal Affective Disorder struggles with their depression throughout winter, generally November to March. Something that influences greatly their depression is that during winter, there is less natural sunlight. Not only does it get dark early in the day, many times it is overcast during the winter. Those who suffer from Seasonal Affective Disorder may struggle in social activities, gain weight, and increase their periods of sleep.
Though Bipolar Disorder is not a form of depression, many people with Bipolar Disorder have depression. Someone with this disorder has periods of low moods (depression), but also periods of high moods- sometimes known as euphoria. These periods of mood changes may last for days, weeks, or months.